White patches/ Vitiligo is the worst experience for a person. They can result in psychological stress and can be stigmatized. Apart from this, other social problems can also popup due to white marks.
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Classification of Vitiligo
- Focal Vitiligo - White patches are more confined to few regions.
- Segmental Vitiligo also terms as a Unilateral Vitiligo and associated with the dorsal spine. And can occur often on the face, arms, and legs and leads to pigmentation and loss of hair color in the affected areas.
- Non-Segmental Vitiligo also terms as Generalised Vitiligo and has bilateral origin i.e. it occurs on both sides of the body as if there is some form of symmetry in the areas affected.
Causes of White patches/ VitiligoMelanin is the pigment that gives the skin its characteristic color. Vitiligo happens due to lack of pigment in the skin, due to the downfall of pigment-forming cells known as melanocytes. Although vitiligo affects all races equally, it is more noticeable in dark-skin. Vitiligo can also be caused by some the use of some cosmetics.
Symptoms of VitiligoGetting white or gray of hair on scalp, eyelashes, eyebrows or beard. Loss of color in the tissues that line the inside of the mouth (mucous membranes) or inner layer of the eye (retina). The affected portion by vitiligo, depigmentation often first develops on sun-exposed areas of skin, such as hands, feet, arms, face, and lips etc.
Treatment For White PatchesThe patches of skin affected by vitiligo become white and mostly have sharp margins. They are more noticeable in people with dark skin. Vitiligo Surgery is the perfect solution. The surgery is mainly categorized into two types as Tissue grafting and Cellular grafting.
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